Getting individual metrics from H2O model in Python

You can get some of the individual model metrics for your model based on training and/or validation data. Here is the code snippet:

Note: I am creating a test data frame to run H2O Deep Learning algorithm and then showing how to collect individual model metrics based on training and/or validation data below.

import h2o
h2o.init(strict_version_check= False , port = 54345)
from h2o.estimators.deeplearning import H2ODeepLearningEstimator
model = H2ODeepLearningEstimator()
rows = [[1,2,3,4,0], [2,1,2,4,1], [2,1,4,2,1], [0,1,2,34,1], [2,3,4,1,0]] * 50
fr = h2o.H2OFrame(rows)
X = fr.col_names[0:4]

## Classification Model
fr[4] = fr[4].asfactor()
model.train(x=X, y="C5", training_frame=fr)
print('Model Type:', model.type)
print('logloss', model.logloss(valid = False))
print('Accuracy', model.accuracy(valid = False))
print('AUC', model.auc(valid = False))
print('R2', model.r2(valid = False))
print('RMSE', model.rmse(valid = False))
print('Error', model.error(valid = False))
print('MCC', model.mcc(valid = False))

## Regression Model
fr = h2o.H2OFrame(rows)
model.train(x=X, y="C5", training_frame=fr)
print('Model Type:', model.type)
print('R2', model.r2(valid = False))
print('RMSE', model.rmse(valid = False))

Note: As I did not pass validation frame thats why I set valid = False to get training metrics. If you have passed validation metrics then you can set valid = True to get validation metrics as well.

If you want to see what is inside model object you can look at the json object as below:


Thats it, enjoy!!


Adding hyper parameter to Deep Learning algorithm in H2O with Scala

Hidden layer is hyper parameter for Deep Learning algorithm in H2O and to use hidden layer setting in H2O based deep learning you should be using “_hidden” parameter to specify the hidden later as hyper parameter as below:
val hyperParms = collection.immutable.HashMap("_hidden" -> hidden_layers)

Here is the code snippet in Scala to add hidden layers H2O based Deep learning Algorithm:

val dlParams = new DeepLearningParameters()
dlParams._train = airlinesData
dlParams._activation =  DeepLearningModel.DeepLearningParameters.Activation.Tanh
dlParams._epochs = 1
dlParams._autoencoder = true

dlParams._ignore_const_cols = false
dlParams._stopping_rounds = 0

dlParams._score_training_samples = 0
dlParams._replicate_training_data = false
dlParams._standardize = true

import collection.JavaConversions._
val hidden_layers = Array(Array(1, 5, 1), Array(1, 6, 1), Array(1, 7, 1)).map(_.asInstanceOf[Object])
val hyperParms = collection.immutable.HashMap("_hidden" -> hidden_layers)

def let[A](in: A)(body: A => Unit) = {

import _root_.hex.grid.GridSearch
import _root_.hex.grid.HyperSpaceSearchCriteria.RandomDiscreteValueSearchCriteria
import _root_.hex.ScoreKeeper
    val intRateHyperSpaceCriteria = let(new RandomDiscreteValueSearchCriteria) { c =>
      c.set_max_runtime_secs(40 * 60 /* seconds */)

val intRateGrid = GridSearch.startGridSearch(Key.make("intRateGridModel"),
                                                 new GridSearch.SimpleParametersBuilderFactory[DeepLearningParameters],
val count = intRateGrid.getModelCount()
Thats it, enjoy!!

Anomaly Detection with Deep Learning in R with H2O

The following R script downloads ECG dataset (training and validation) from internet and perform deep learning based anomaly detection on it.

# Import ECG train and test data into the H2O cluster
train_ecg <- h2o.importFile(
 path = "", 
 header = FALSE, 
 sep = ",")
test_ecg <- h2o.importFile(
 path = "", 
 header = FALSE, 
 sep = ",")

# Train deep autoencoder learning model on "normal" 
# training data, y ignored 
anomaly_model <- h2o.deeplearning(
 x = names(train_ecg), 
 training_frame = train_ecg, 
 activation = "Tanh", 
 autoencoder = TRUE, 
 hidden = c(50,20,50), 
 sparse = TRUE,
 l1 = 1e-4, 
 epochs = 100)

# Compute reconstruction error with the Anomaly 
# detection app (MSE between output and input layers)
recon_error <- h2o.anomaly(anomaly_model, test_ecg)

# Pull reconstruction error data into R and 
# plot to find outliers (last 3 heartbeats)
recon_error <-

# Note: Testing = Reconstructing the test dataset
test_recon <- h2o.predict(anomaly_model, test_ecg) 

h2o.saveModel(anomaly_model, "/Users/avkashchauhan/learn/tmp/anomaly_model.bin")
h2o.download_pojo(anomaly_model, "/Users/avkashchauhan/learn/tmp/", get_jar = TRUE)

h2o.shutdown(prompt= FALSE)



Thats it, enjoy!!

Multinomial classification example in Scala and Deep Learning with H2O

Here is a sample for multinomial classification problem using H2O Deep Learning algorithm and iris data set in Scala language.

The following sample is for multinomial classification problem. This sample is created using Spark 2.1.0 with Sparkling Water 2.1.4.

import org.apache.spark.h2o._
import org.apache.spark.SparkFiles
import{H2OFrameSupport, SparkContextSupport, ModelMetricsSupport}
import water.Key
import _root_.hex.deeplearning.DeepLearningModel
import _root_.hex.ModelMetricsMultinomial

val hc = H2OContext.getOrCreate(sc)
import hc._
import hc.implicits._

addFiles(sc, "/Users/avkashchauhan/smalldata/iris/iris.csv")
val irisData = new H2OFrame(new File(SparkFiles.get("iris.csv")))

val ratios = Array[Double](0.8)
val keys = Array[String]("train.hex", "valid.hex")
val frs = H2OFrameSupport.split(irisData, keys, ratios)
val (train, valid) = (frs(0), frs(1))

def buildDLModel(train: Frame, valid: Frame, response: String,
 epochs: Int = 10, l1: Double = 0.001, l2: Double = 0.0,
 hidden: Array[Int] = Array[Int](200, 200))
 (implicit h2oContext: H2OContext): DeepLearningModel = {
 import h2oContext.implicits._
 // Build a model
 import _root_.hex.deeplearning.DeepLearning
 import _root_.hex.deeplearning.DeepLearningModel.DeepLearningParameters
 val dlParams = new DeepLearningParameters()
 dlParams._train = train
 dlParams._valid = valid
 dlParams._response_column = response
 dlParams._epochs = epochs
 dlParams._l1 = l1
 dlParams._hidden = hidden
 // Create a job
 val dl = new DeepLearning(dlParams, Key.make("dlModel.hex"))

// Note: The response column name is C5 here so passing:
val dlModel = buildDLModel(train, valid, 'C5)(hc)

// Collect model metrics and evaluate model quality
val trainMetrics = ModelMetricsSupport.modelMetrics[ModelMetricsMultinomial](dlModel, train)
val validMetrics = ModelMetricsSupport.modelMetrics[ModelMetricsMultinomial](dlModel, valid)

Thats it, enjoy!!

Deep Learning session from Google Next 2017

TensorFlow and Deep Learning without a PhD:

With TensorFlow, deep machine learning transitions from an area of research to mainstream software engineering. In this video, Martin Gorner demonstrates how to construct and train a neural network that recognizes handwritten digits. Along the way, he’ll describe some “tricks of the trade” used in neural network design, and finally, he’ll bring the recognition accuracy of his model above 99%.

Part 1:

Part 2: